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News from Mini Hapi Times Farm

Sunday we took Loki and Kay out for a nice 12.8 mile jaunt. Things went very well, although the deer flies are getting ferocious. One of our neighbors was irrigating his field, and Kay did not want to walk past the spraying water. Just past the irrigation pipes was a porta-potty for the corn detassling crew, and Loki didn’t want to walk past that. So we had a few moments of consternation as we tried to get the horses past those obstacles. Once we were past, they settled down.

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Exercise Induced Pulmonary Hemorrhage

Thanks to Jackie for her hard work on this article which she wanted to share with ASAP followers:

How is Exercise Induced Pulmonary Hemorrhage in Horse Diagnosed?

Exercise-induced pulmonary hemorrhage is one of the common disorders affecting race horses. Bleeding can occur each time a horse performs extreme exercises like racing. Also, pulmonary hemorrhage can happen in polo ponies, steeplechasers, and in three-day eventers. Of all these horses, what stands out is intense exercise. Although this condition has been known about for over 300 years, there isn’t any conclusive research on the true cause of bleeding in horses.

Is EIPH a Condition or a Disease?

Although serious bleeding can wreak havoc in a horse’s lung, the effects are temporary. However, cumulative effects could interfere with a horse’s respiratory functioning resulting in poor performance. Experts believe EIPH is a condition or a syndrome and not a disease. Studies show that bleeding horses perform well in races. While there have been reports of sudden death in racehorses where blood was in the lungs, scientists believe that this could have been a result of impending death, but not a cause of death.

How is Exercise Induced Pulmonary Hemorrhage Diagnosed?

Some of the signs that could indicate EIPH include stopping during exercise, poor performance, and bleeding from the nostrils. One of the common ways to diagnose EIPH is through an endoscopic examination. The examination takes a look at the large bronchi and the trachea. The process is done after an hour of intense exercise. The delay allows the blood within the lungs to get to the trachea.

Blood may be present in the trachea for a week. A vet may perform an endoscopy on a number of times to confirm if a horse has pulmonary hemorrhage. Sedation or a nose twitch is necessary to allow the examination. Another procedure that may help diagnose EIPH is bronchoalveolar lavage. With this procedure, an amount of liquid is put into the airwaves using a tube. The fluid collected goes under analysis to diagnose EIPH. A local anesthetic helps to perform Bronchoalveolar lavage.

Treating Exercise Induced Pulmonary Hemorrhage in Horses

It’s critical to note that there isn’t a single treatment for EPIH in horses. Nonetheless, a supportive regimen can help you manage the condition. The vet may administer Furosemide to reduce the incidence and severity of EIPH in racehorses. Also, you might choose to apply a nasal dilator band to reduce RBC counts in Bronchoalveolar fluid from an effected horse. You might also need to make certain lifestyle changes. You need to ensure there’s good ventilation, maintain good quality hay, and reduce the horse’s exposure to fungi, mold spores, and allergens.

Also, you may need to clean the stall regularly, exercise the horse, and allow your horse to rest. The use of Nitric Oxide in treating EIPH is still under research. It’s believed that nitric oxide acts as a vasodilator which allows the capillaries to expand and accommodate a sudden increase in blood pressure and volume, thus reducing the effects of EIPH.

Exercise induced pulmonary hemorrhage can limit your horse’s performance. Certain measures can be taken to reduce the risk of recurrent bleeding.

Latest from Mini Hapi Times Farm

This weekend Ray and I were supposed to be at a competition at the Northern Kettle Moraine State Park. Because of the recent rains, the DNR closed the trails in the park, so our competition was cancelled. So we had a “free” weekend to get some chores done. We were able to pick up sticks and branches from the yard, rototilled the vegetable garden, and got the leaves cleared off of some of our flower beds.

We took Kay and Loki out for a nice 13 mile trek on our local trails. There were still some large puddles on the trail, and neither Kay nor Loki wanted to go near them. Even with all the recent rain (4.5 inches in the past four days) the trails were pretty dusty. After the drive, I gave Kay and Loki a bath. They were both nice and shiny, but then Loki decided to roll before he was dried off.

George, one of our barn cats, has decided to lie down wherever she will be the most annoying. After our drive I took my protective vest off and set it on one of our benches. George decided to take a nap on the vest, but first she tried to knead her claws. I quickly picked her up and set her down on the ground, and picked up my vest. Later she took a nap on the the entrance mat at the base of our steps. Makes it hard to get up and down the stairs when there is a large grey cat occupying the space.

News from Mini Hapi Times Farm

Ray and I had taken Monday as a vacation day to recover from the horse fair. We got home about 1:00 AM and knew that we wouldn’t be very useful at work. It felt good to sleep in until 7:00AM. Ray seems to have picked up a cold, so he is pretty tired.

We took Kay and Loki out for a nice 12.5 mile drive on our local trails. I am happy to report that we did not see any snow! SW Wisconsin is very dry, and the weather forecasters have already started talking about drought conditions. Ti was a beautiful day for driving with temperatures hovering near 80, low humidity, and a nice breeze.

Both horses did pretty well. There is one section of trail where they are doing some maintenance, and neither Kay nor Loki wanted to walk past their big tree cutting machine. But with some encouragement, they went past. They also gave a pair of geese with a next of baby geese a pretty wide berth. We usually can’t take pictures at areas like this because we are concentrating on getting the horses calmed down and moving along in the right direction.

News from Mini Hapi Times Farm

Sue, Ray and I didn’t go to the Iowa Horse Fair this weekend as planned. The weather forecasters are predicting a blizzard for central Iowa starting mid-day tomorrow, and we didn’t want to be driving a horse trailer through that for 250 miles, so we all opted to stay home. We will go to the MN Horse Expo the end of the month instead.

Although it was a bit breezy, we took Kay and Loki out for a nine mile jaunt. We did quite a bit of walking, since this was the first long drive of the season. There was also quite a bit of snow and ice on our local trail, so we had to be careful. The drilltec on their shoes helps with grip on ice, but we didn’t want to take chances. Both horses behaved pretty well, although Kay seemed determined to keep her nose close to the back of Ray’s cart. I spent quite a bit of time trying to convince her to move back a bit so that we have room to maneuver if something happened.

We let Kay, Loki, and Sunny graze on the lawn a bit while we got ready for the evening feeding.

The temperature was starting to drop as we finished evening chores. Pongo supervised.

We are sure ready for the real spring!